Fredrik Barth (Norwegian Fredrik Barth; December 22, 1928, Leipzig – January 24, 2016) – Norwegian social anthropologist, author of several books. He was a professor in the Department of Anthropology at Boston University, previously was a professor at the University of Oslo, the University of Bergen (where he founded the Department of Social Anthropology), Emory University and Harvard University. Barth was appointed a government scientist in Norway in 1985.BiographyBorn into the family of Thomas Fredrik Barth, professor of geology. Grew up in Norway. Since childhood, he has been interested in issues of human origin and evolution. His father taught at the University of Chicago for some time, so Bart decided to go there in 1946. After graduating from this university in 1949 with a master’s degree in and archeology, he left the United States and returned to Norway, but kept in touch with the university and already in 1951 accompanied the ethnographic expedition of this university to Iraq in order to study the Kurdish population of the country. After the end of the expedition, Bart spent a year at the London School of Economics and, as a result of the expedition, wrote there a scientific paper on the population of southern Kurdistan, which he then unsuccessfully tried to turn into a doctoral dissertation; as a result, he continued his studies at Cambridge, leaving for field ethnographic research in the Swat Valley in Pakistan, as a result of which he defended his on the topic of researching political leadership among the Swat tribes.In 1961 he was invited to the University of Bergen to found and head the Department of Anthropology there; Bart accepted this invitation and planned to use the experience gained in scientific institutions in Great Britain and the United States for scientific work in his native country. He worked in Bergen until 1972, focusing primarily on general theoretical anthropology, which earned him an international reputation as a major scientist, and wrote a fundamental paper on the impact of entrepreneurship on social change in northern Norway.In 1974 he moved to Oslo and changed the direction of his research, starting to seriously engage in ethnographic (including field) research in Papua New Guinea, Bali, Oman and Bhutan, studying mainly the social structure and of local peoples. In 1985, he received a government scholarship from the Norwegian government, which allowed him to pursue research at two US universities: Emory University from 1989 to 1996 and Boston University from 1997 to 2008.Barth was a member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and . He was also elected a Foreign Fellow of the American of Arts and Sciences in 1997.
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